The blog front in Inuit Types normally displays the beginnings of your latest posts; number of posts set in Settings > Reading > “Blog pages show at most [ ] posts”.
The most recent posts can be highlighted as “Featured Posts”; number of posts selected in Appearance > Theme Options > “Featured Post Entries”.
The number of posts displayed on the blog front can coincide with the number of highlighted featured posts or not; for example, you can display 6 posts on the blog front, all of them highlighted, or the most recent 2 of them highlighted, or none of them highlighted.
Featured posts display as titles only, with a colored background – identical to the background color of sidebar items; color selected in Appearance > Theme Options > “Color scheme”.
Note 1: The highlighting shows up on the blog front only, not on the main posts page if you have set your front to display a static page instead of your latest posts.
Note 2: To display normal posts as titles only, type a space in the text box of the Excerpt module (if you see no Excerpt module, click Screen Options to activate it).
Featured and/or normal posts can show up in one or two columns: Appearance > Theme Options > tick or untick “One Column Featured Posts” and/or “One Column Normal Posts”.
Featured and/or normal posts can display a “featured image”: an image that shows up on the main posts page without necessarily showing up on the actual complete single post as well. The option is accessed in the post editor screen by clicking the Add an Image button, or the “Set featured image” tab of the Featured Image module (if you see no Featured Image module, click Screen Options to activate it). For a new image, select from computer, upload; for a previously uploaded image, click the Media Library tab, locate image, click Show; then (in either case) click “Use as featured image”, wait till it saves, close box without clicking the “Insert into Post” tab if you don’t want the image on the complete post.
Now, it seems that themes with special features should come with some special instructions too… Users who started using this theme complain that their featured images
are distorted [See Update at end of post]. What’s the deal?
Deal is, in both normal and featured posts the image must cover the whole area allotted to it, and that area has a fixed width and height; so smaller images
are stretched, larger ones are cropped. To display a complete, uncropped and undistorted featured image, you need to create it in specific dimensions:
for one-column featured posts, width 600 pixels, maximum height 250 pixels;
for two-column featured posts, width 278 pixels, maximum height 150 pixels;
for normal posts, maximum 90×75 pixels.
There’s one more option: Appearance > Theme Options > “Single Post Featured Image”. Ticking this will make the featured image show up as a “Full Sized” image at the top of the post when you view the complete post alone.
Usefulness: displaying a full-size image at the beginning of the complete post as well as a thumbnail on the blog front without having to upload two images or two versions of the same image.
Drawbacks: a) the thumbnail will display a small part of the image – but that’s ok if you think of the thumbnail as a teaser; b) the image will vanish if at some point you decide to switch to practically any another theme.
Update Oct. 2011: Changed – smaller images won’t show up at all (see my post On the recent featured image issues).